Natural History Museum in Florence

On holiday in Florence, tourists can visit the Natural History Museum, divided in six sections.

  • Natural History Museum section of zoology La Specola in Romana, zoological and anatomical collection.
  • Natural History Museum section of anthropology and ethnology.
  • Natural History Museum section of botany, in La Pira.
  • Natural History Museum section of geology and paleontology, in La Pira
  • Natural History Museum section of mineralogy and lithology, La Pira.
  • Natural History Museum Section botanical garden, in Micheli.

Section of Zoology "La Specola"

The Museum of Specola, located in Via Romana in Florence, is a Section of the Natural History Museum, that houses two separate collections: the zoological section, with examples of stuffed animals , and the anatomical section, with wax models dating back the eighteenth century.

Collection zoological

In this session are preserved specimens of Poriferi, Bivalve, Arthropods, Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Crustaceans, Worms and Echinodermi.

There are examples of turtles, crocodiles, Amphibians and Squamati.

In addition to copies of sturgeon fish, there are also sharks and fossil

Birds coming from all around the world, with races extincted

Marsupiali - Canguri, opossum, and tilacino Primates, a marsupial of Tasmania extinct around 1930.

Collection anatomical

Desired by the Grand Duke Peter Leopold and the first director of the museum Felice Fontana in order to teach anatomy in a three-dimensionally.

The Forum of Galileo

It presents a statue of Galileo and some paintings devoted to science.

Section of Anthropology and Ethonology

In this part of the museum are preserved and documented a large number of human species with particular attention to the ancient peoples of Asia and Africa.




Samoiedi, Ostiacchi Siberia, Ainu, Tibetan, Parsi, Kafiri of Pakistan, Indonesians, Micopi,


Ethiopians, Galli, Somali, Bajuni people, populations of Sudan, Masai, Baganda Uganda, populations deel Bantù, Luba, the Zulu and Cafri, Pygmies and Boscimani

Native Americans

Eschimesi, Indians of America, Peruvian Culture, Populations Amazzoniche and Argentina.


Aboriginal Australians, Tasmaniani, Papua, Malanesiani, Micronesiani, Polynesian and Maori, Populations of New Zealand.

Section of Botany

It hosts several herbaria, one of which dates back even XVI century, a collection of wax models of plants and fruits and a rich xiloteca.

Erbario Palm

Samples of specimens collected in Indonesia and Malaysia.


Samples of timber in the form of a tablet or wheel

Showcase of hats

Made with vegetable fibres and come from all over the world


It contains specimens of fossils Italians and some specimens of plants Tropical

Wax Botanical

Plants size

Central Italian Erbario

Collection of ferns, lichens and the like

Erbario Cesalpino

Created by Andrea Cesalpino, contains 768 species classified about 266 sheets, in accordance with the observation of reproductive characters.

Erbario Micheli and Targioni Tozzetti

Samples from Tuscany and Veneto, collected by Pier Antonio Micheli

Erbario Webb

Here are some samples collected by Charles Darwin on the islands of Cape Verde in 1832.

Section of Geology and Paleontology

It is one of the largest Italian collections of fossils and rocks.


Copies of Marine Organisms Inervebrates


Copies of bodies Vertebrates


Copies of organisms that have developed over the previous period and first esmplari ferns


Prime examples testifying to the appearance of Reptiles


Testimoniano the first evolution of mammals

From here onwards the museum, through its many copies, testifies throughout the evolution of mammals until the early findings of Mammut in India and Siberia.

Section of Mineralogy and Litologia

Collections of the scholar Giovanni Targioni Tozzetti are also listed in an illustrated catalogue.

Among these examples stand out a topaz of 151 kg, from Brazil, a orthoclase of 600 kg, an aquamarine of 98 kg and a smoky quartz.

From Sardinia coveline and azurite, while from the Elba island tourmalines, hematite and limonite stones.
Among the gems are quartz, zircons, garnets and emeralds, and some rough diamonds.

Section Botanical Garden

Please click the link Botanical Garden.